What Is Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)?

Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was introduced as a major breakthrough in the treatment of male-caused infertility in which a single sperm is directly injected into the body (cytoplasm) of the egg. It is especially useful for patients where the male partner has a very low sperm count (oligozoospermia), poor sperm motility (asthenozoospermia) or too many abnormal sperms (teratozoospermia). Also, in men with obstructive azoospermia (zero sperm counts because of some obstruction in the ducts), sperm can be directly retrieved from the upper part of the testis called the epididymis (PESA-percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration) and in cases of non-obstructive azoospermia, sperm can be retrieved directly from the testis (TESA – testicular sperm aspiration) and used for ICSI, thus helping them to have their own biological offspring without resort to a donor sperm.

When is ICSI Used?

ICSI helps the following patients:

  • Azoospermia (zero sperm count).
  • Oligozoospermia (low sperm counts).
  • Asthenozoospermia (poor sperm motility).
  • Teratozoospermia (too many abnormal sperms).
  • Retrograde ejaculation (sperm are retrieved from the urine bladder).
  • Anejaculation (sperm are retrieved using a special machine called electroejaculator).
  • Failed fertilization at conventional IVF.
  • Unexplained Infertility.
  • Wife’s age > 37, eggs having a thick outer coat (zona).
ICSI Treatment in Hyderabad